The IB Primary Years Programme (PYP) is designed for students aged 3-12. It prepares them to become active, caring, lifelong learners who demonstrate respect for themselves and others and have the capacity to participate in the world around them. It focuses on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both within and beyond the classroom. The PYP curriculum contains three key components, which explain how students learn, how educators teach, and the principles and practice of effective assessment within the programme.

The PYP is underpinned by six trans-disciplinary themes around which learning is planned :

  • Who we are
  • Where we are in place and time
  • How we express ourselves
  • How the world works
  • How we organize ourselves
  • Sharing the planet

These themes are selected for their relevance to the real world and are described as trans-disciplinary because they focus on issues that go across subject areas. They help teachers develop a programme of inquiry, working together to turn investigations into important ideas, which requires a substantial and high level of involvement on the part of students.

The Learner Profile

The learner profile describes a broad range of human capacities and responsibilities that go beyond academic success ; it aims to develop learners who are :

  • Inquirers
  • Knowledgeable
  • Thinkers
  • Communicators
  • Principled
  • Open-minded
  • Caring
  • Risk-takers
  • Balanced
  • Reflective


While recognizing the importance of knowledge, concepts and skills, these alone do not make an internationally minded person. It is vital that there also be focus on the development of personal attitudes towards people, the environment and learning, attitudes that contribute to the well-being of the individual and the group. By deciding that the following attitudes need to be an essential element of the programme, the PYP is making a commitment to a values-laden curriculum :

  • Appreciation
  • Commitment
  • Confidence
  • Cooperation
  • Creativity
  • Curiosity
  • Empathy
  • Enthusiasm
  • Independence
  • Integrity
  • Respect
  • Tolerance

, par MARCOM


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